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Mountaineering

Mountaineering (mountaineering): refers to a sports activity in which athletes climb from low-altitude terrain to high-altitude peaks with bare hands or using special equipment under specific requirements. Mountaineering can be divided into mountaineering expeditions (also known as alpine expeditions), competitive climbing (including rock climbing , ice climbing , etc.) and fitness mountaineering. Mountaineering equipment must adapt to the environmental conditions of mountaineering, and in terms of design, material selection, materials, and production, it must be as light, strong, efficient, and capable of multi-purpose. Frequent mountaineering activities are of great benefit to the human body. From a medical point of view, it has direct benefits in five aspects: vision, cardiopulmonary function, coordination of limbs, consumption of excess fat in the body, and delaying human aging.

  • Hiking:

Mountaineering is a type of sports. Athletes climb the peaks or ridges of various terrains with bare hands or with special equipment. Can be divided into * pyramid-shaped barracks climbing, alpine climbing and technical climbing . It began in the 1880s. August 8, 1786 with the French doctors Baka Luo mason Baer Ma together for the first time on mountaineering Alps highest peak Mont Blanc (4,807 meters above sea level), the following year, led by young scientists de cable repair Seoul’s nineteen The mountaineering team once again climbed Mont Blanc, and the world mountaineering has since extended. Therefore, the event first started in the Alps, so it is also called ” Alpine Sports “.

  • Benefit:

Frequent hiking and camping activities are of great benefit to the human body. From a medical point of view, it has direct benefits in five aspects: vision, cardiopulmonary function, coordination of limbs, consumption of excess body fat, and delaying human aging .

  • Equipment:

Mountaineering equipment must adapt to the environmental conditions of mountaineering, and in terms of design, material selection, material use, and production, it must be as light, strong, efficient, and capable of multi-purpose.

With the development of mountaineering and the continuous improvement of the level of science and technology, the quality and performance of mountaineering equipment are constantly improving, which is very necessary to improve the level of mountaineering. For example, a main rope used for the first mountaineering in France weighs up to 20 kilograms, and other climbing equipment is also very heavy. At that time, their climbing height was only about 4000 meters. The weight of a main rope is only 1.5 kg, and the weight of other equipment is greatly reduced, and it is more durable, and its warmth and electricity resistance are also greatly increased, so it can ensure that climbers can climb mountains of various heights and difficulties.

  • Diet:

Mountain climbing diet is an indispensable part of the activity process. Good nutrition can not only provide enough energy to replenish physical strength, but also make people feel refreshed. Especially in the cooking process, interact with your companions and discuss the various aspects of today’s itinerary. Looking forward to tomorrow’s itinerary, it will promote friendship with each other.

  • Stove:

Early campfires were used for cooking or chatting in camps , but the residues or traces of the campfire would pollute the environment. It is best for climbers to use stoves to cook. Even if the campfire is set up, it should not be too big as long as it can make the surrounding friends feel comfortable. Wait until the fire is completely extinguished and the ash completely cools down before leaving. Use dead or fallen wood for the wood. Don’t chop forest or stubble. The stove will not pollute the camp and ruin the landscape.

  • Liquid gas:

Including methane, ethane , propane , butane and so on.

Gas stoves are among all kinds of stoves, the most convenient and also the easiest to operate. The gas stoves that can be seen in Taiwan, in general, there are the following types, but some gas stoves are mutually exclusive It uses mutually incompatible gas tanks, so be sure to pay special attention when purchasing.

  • Fuel oil:

Including White Gasoline, Coleman Fuel, unleaded Gasoline, Kerosense… The more famous brands of vaporizers are A, COLEMAN PEAK-1 (American), B, MSR (American), C, OPTIMUS (Swedish).

  • Mountaineering experience:

 

  • Do exercise

If the mountain you will climb is higher or you don’t usually participate in climbing sports, it is necessary to do some warm-up exercises before climbing. That is, use 10 to 20 minutes to do some muscle stretching exercises , try to relax the muscles of the whole body, so that you will feel much easier when climbing.

  • Increase bounce

When climbing upwards, some jumping movements are deliberately added in every step, which not only saves effort, but also makes people appear energetic and full of vitality.

  • Don’t always look high

Don’t always look high when climbing, especially at the beginning of climbing, because your legs are not used to climbing, and looking up often makes people feel tired. Generally speaking, when climbing upwards, it is best to keep your eyes 35 meters in front of you. If the mountain road is steep, you can make a “Z” climb, which saves effort.

  • In conclusion:

For those who buy stoves for the first time, I personally recommend buying gas stoves because of their small size, high safety and easy maintenance. They can be used as personal stoves or as emergency stoves for group equipment. The only disadvantage is the firepower ratio. The vaporization furnace is slightly smaller, and the fuel cost is much more expensive than that of the vaporization furnace. The vaporization furnace has a larger firepower, but it needs to be filled with fuel. It requires higher skills in use and more troublesome repairs and maintenance.

  • Precautions:

Mountain climbing is good for people’s physical and mental health, but it also carries certain dangers. In order to ensure safety, it should be done;

When climbing, there is a teacher or parent to take the lead, and collective action is required.

The location of climbing should be chosen carefully. It is necessary to understand the local geographical environment and weather changes from the nearby residents, choose a safe climbing route, and mark it to prevent getting lost.

Prepare sports shoes , ropes, dry food and water. In summer, be sure to bring enough water, because climbing will sweat, if you do not add enough water, prone to collapse and heatstroke.

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